Even small bugs and flies can pose a huge threat for your kid. Aside from being simply annoying and disgusting, some of them can bite your little ones causing yelling, crying, and many unpleasant symptoms, such as serious allergic reactions. How to treat bites and stings of insects? Let this article guide you through the tactics of first aid.
When to Call 911?
- If your kid exhibits serious symptoms, such as difficulty breathing, hives, swelling of face, fainting, or dizziness.
- If your kid already experienced serious allergic reactions to insect bites.
Typically, stings and bites shouldn’t be the reason for worrying unless your child is allergic to them.
When else to call a doctor? Consider contacting a health specialist if the bite’s located near kid’s mouth, or the spot gets larger, redder, and starts oozing – those are the signs of infection.
How To Treat Bites of Stinging Insects?
If your kid’s been stung by a bee, wasp, or a yellow jacket, perform the following steps:
- Remove the stinger from the skin using your fingernails, pincers, credit cards, or any other items at hand.
- Don’t pinch the stinger – you can make venom penetrate deeper. Instead, remove it by scraping motions.
- Wash the area of sting with soap and water. Do it 2-3 times a day until the wound heals.
How to Treat the Symptoms?
In the case of a bee attack, insect bites treatment is simple but may require several days:
- Before you start, make sure to remove all right jewelry, accessories or clothes around the area – they might be harder to put off once the spot swells.
- Lay an ice pack on the area for 10 minutes. Remove and repeat.
- If a leg or an arm was stung, keep it elevated – it will reduce the blood flow and diffusion of venom.
- Give your kid a pain reliever (ibuprofen and acetaminophen are of primary consideration). Follow the recommended dosage, and if your kid is too small, call your pediatrician to find out which options are available.
- Antihistamine medications will eliminate the symptoms of allergy.
- To relieve itching, apply calamine or the mixture of water and baking soda.
Fly And Mosquito Bite: Ignore Or Treat?
Although most mosquito bites don’t pose much threat, the insects can carry some dangerous diseases, for instance, Zika virus and West Nile virus (though less than 1% of people develop any symptoms at all). Your primary task now is to relieve symptoms and boost regeneration. Do the following:
- Apply ice on the area.
- Reduce itching by calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream.
- Discourage your kid from scratching the bite: put on clothes closing the area, sharp kid’s fingernails, explain that scratching can promote infection.
- Watch the symptoms of infection. In case of serious redness or mosquito bites swelling, or when the area around the bite feels warm to the touch, visit a doctor.
Tick Bite First Aid
Check children and pets for ticks cautiously after they’ve been in or around a wooded territory. Ticks removed within 24 to 48 hours are less likely to transmit maladies like Lyme infection.
If you discover a tick on your kid:
- Call your medicinal services provider, who may ask you to save the tick in a closed container or zip-locked pack for later examination.
- Use tweezers to hold the tick at its head or mouth, right next to the skin. Start pulling it steadily and firmly until it lets go. Do not twist it.
- Swab the bitten area with alcohol.
- Do not use petrol jelly or a lighter to kill or remove a tick – it’s absolutely counter-productive, and will only make the tick burrow deeper and discharge more saliva (which boosts the risk of infection).
Your doctor might prescribe antibiotics for insect bites – it will prevent spreading of infection.
How to Treat Spider Bites?
Here’s what you should do:
- Wash the area cautiously with soap and water. Do this a few times each day until skin recovers.
- Apply cool packs.
- Give acetaminophen or ibuprofen to relieve pain.
- To avoid infection, apply an anti-infection ointment and keep your kid’s hands washed.
- If you have a reason to presume that a bite was made by a black widow spider or a brown recluse spider, wash the bite with water, apply a cold compress, and take your child to the emergency hospital. Do it even if no symptoms are exhibited!
In America, most spiders are harmless except for brown recluse spider: it lives in the southern and midwestern states of America. The spider has an oval brown body and thin legs. It likes hiding in dark and quiet places. Although its bites don’t hurt at the beginning, they can cause serious symptoms like chill, nausea, rash, pain, and less frequently – seizures.
Black widow spider lives all around North America and is easy to recognize thanks to its black body with an orange-red hourglass shape on the belly. Its venom is dangerous: it causes muscle cramps that develop within a few hours after the bite. Initial symptoms include chilling, fever, nausea, and vomiting. If you kid’s been bitten by a black widow spider, go to emergency immediately!
Must read: How To Reduce Fever In Child?
Now you know how to treat bites and stings of different insects in your kid, which means you’ll be able to administer first aid and prevent serious consequences. However, it’s always better safe than sorry, so you should be able to prevent bites.
How to Prevent Insect Bites and Stings?
Here are a few rules to mind:
- Keep the distance from mosquitoes by avoiding territories where mosquitoes breed, for example, still pools or lakes. Expel standing water from water basins, containers, and so forth. Prefer to remain inside your house when mosquitoes are most active(dawn and sunset), and apply repellent when children go outside.
- When you’re in a tick area, remain in the center of trails, avoid woody regions with high grass. Check kids for ticks every few hours and when you come inside. Remove any you find right away. Pay particular attention to such spots as behind the ears, on the scalp, on the back of the neck, in the armpits, in the crotch zone, and behind the knees. Shower kids when you get back from outdoors. Check your pets when they come inside, as well. Use tick items on pets to keep them from being bitten.
- Use insect repellent when you spend time outdoors, camping, climbing, and so on. Reapply after swimming.
- When you or your children are in woody territories, keep them covered up and tuck clothes. Fold pants into socks and shirts into jeans. Wear shoes and socks when strolling on grass, even it’s only for a moment. Bees and wasps can sting unprotected feet.
- Wear gloves when working around your garden.
- Try not to aggravate honey bee or wasp nests.
- Do not use scented shampoos and soap for small babies – the odor can attract insects.
- Use window and door screens to keep mosquitoes and flying bugs at the bay.
- Try not to swat at humming bugs — they will sting if threatened.
- Keep in mind that spiders can hide in heaps of wood, boxes, or dark areas behind furniture, and attack a person if they feel danger.
Stay safe and enjoy the summer days!